The Third Estate had asked for equal rights of the two other estates. But they had been locked out of the meeting at Versailles on June 20th. Stubborn and determined for change, they gathered in a nearby tennis court, declared themselves as the National Assembly, and took an oath to swear they would never separate until a constitution was implemented into French society.
Maximilien Robespierre was elected to represent the Third Estate of Artois in 1789. He would play a vital role in post-Revolution France.
Under pressure, King Louis XVI relented and legalized the National Assembly under the Third Estate on June 27th. All was well until the king ordered troops to surround Versailles, along with dismissing Jacques Necker, who at the time was in support of reform.
Angered by this, Parisians began to surround the Bastille with muskets, makeshift weapons, and swords. The Bastille was a symbol of power from the Bourbon monarchy, the perfect place to begin their revolution. Bernard-René Jordan de Launay (the military governor) had feared the Bastille would be a primary target during the Revolution, so the royal authorities provided the fortress with 250 barrels of gunpowder. This was two days before the mob arrived. On July 14th, 1789, the Parisians stormed the Bastille and successfully took it over.