Nature Theme- Romantic writer used nature as the greatest and most perfect force in the universe. They used words like sublime to convey power and flawlessness of the natural world. In contrast, Victor describes people as half made up. The implication is clear: human beings, weighed down by petty concerns and countless flaws such as vanity and prejudice, pale in comparison to nature's perfection.It should come as no surprise, then, that crises and suffering result when, in Frankenstein, imperfect men disturb nature's perfection. Victor in his pride attempts to discover the mysteries of creation, to pioneer a new way by penetrating the citadel of nature. But just as a wave will take down even the strongest swimmer, nature prevails in the end and Victor is destroyed for his misguided attempt to manipulate its power.
Light and Fire symbolism- In Frankenstein, light symbolizes knowledge, discovery, and enlightenment. The natural world is a place of dark secrets, hidden passages, and unknown mechanisms; the goal of the scientist is then to reach light. The dangerous and more powerful cousin of light is fire. The monster’s first experience with a still-smoldering flame reveals the dual nature of fire: he discovers excitedly that it creates light in the darkness of the night, but also that it harms him when he touches it. The presence of fire in the text also brings to mind the full title of Shelley’s novel. The Greek god Prometheus gave the knowledge of fire to humanity and was then severely punished for it. Victor, attempting to become a modern Prometheus, is certainly punished, but unlike fire, his gift to humanity.
Imagery-The monster is compared to Adam and the creation of man. Victor is also paralleled with the creator, possibly God, and as some claim, maybe even a Christ-figure given the self-sacrifice of his death. Victor’s creation of the monster was both a success and a failure. It was a success because he was able to create a being out of a lab. This being which he created was brilliant, he had dreamed about creating a man and had worked so hard to achieve this. Failure took over the success of creating this being which he so longed for. He had created a being who did no good and who killed Victor’s family. In the end, his creation was only a failure to his life because his own hands were the creator of the killer of his family.