In A.D. 1,200, the Inca first emerged. This group was led under the rule of the emperor, Pachacuti. He conquered many areas with his army and succeeded quite frequently. Under the emperor, there were other classes underneath him, which were the local chiefs, provincial governors, and foremen. Each of those classes had different jobs. There were farmers too that farmed land and grew crops. The Inca were also large on agriculture. For flat land, they developed a technique known as terrace farming. This was one way how they found out they could farm. For a hopefully successful harvest, the Inca would perform a ritual of a way to reach their wish to the gods.
The Inca were very skilled engineers and builders. They built bridges and roads to help them transport goods and themselves across places. They also built their own cities. The main area for all of this architecture is Machu Pichu. Unlike other places that were found by rivaling groups, Machu Pichu was not destroyed because no one had actually found it.
There were about 30 distinct cultures in the Northwest. With many resources, the cultures thrived freely throughout the years. Alongside the Northwest cultures, there was a south one that were the Tlingit. They were excellent fishers. Due to frequent rainfall, forests were everywhere, providing them with plenty of wood. The wood was used to build homes and other things. There were two other Northwest ribes known as the Kwakiutl and the Haida. They also had the same ways of living like the othr tribes. All of these tribes had an extensive trade network that helped them trade and use goods. Other than lifestyle, the Northwest cultures made Totem poles and masks that resrepresented their cultures.
In 1,000 B.C., ancient Pueblo began to farm. They settled in the Four Corners region. As they continued to live there, they began to build structures and ended up making a technique known as dry farming. They grew many types of crops like corn, beans, and squash. Other than farming, Pueblo was skilled in art. They made pottery and baskets. They used many beautiful and unique patterns. Also, there was a very impressive settlement known as Pueblo Bonito. It was an area where many ceremonies were held. Other than Pueblo Bonito, there was Mesa Verde. Mesa was used to defend themselves from invaders and to seek protection from rain and intense sun. In about 1,300, Ancient Pueblo abandoned Mesa.
The mound builders were known as people who built huge mounds on land for ceremonial and religious purposes. They mostly relied on hunting and gathering for food, but also farmed crops for themselves too. Corn was the main crop for them. There was a culture for mound building which was known as The Mississippians. Their valley river provided water for the people there. The main city for the mound builders was Cahokia. It contained several mounds and it was a very large area. In order to build the mounds, there was a powerful society required that was led by a powerful chief. When the chief passed, the people would destroy the palace and rebuild a new one over it.
The Great Plains was a very flat area that had its own pros and cons when living there as a tribe. During the winter, it was very harsh and tribes would have to build shelter and get food quickly. Other than just living in the Plains, they had religious beliefs among themselves. Every job like farming or hunting would have its own way of worship. One very big ceremony was the Sun Dance where many people would attend to dance and do other religious actions. There were many types of food to be harvested, but buffalo hunting was the most helpful to the people and the most dangerous. Buffalo provided tools and meat to the people who had hunted them. Before the Spanish introduced horses, they would run on foot to hunt these great animals. With the horses, later on, they allowed the tribes to migrate where the buffalo went.