Lincoln just won the election! This is a good sign for us!
He won?! None of the southerns even voted for him!
We are finally freed thanks to Lincoln. I knew this was a good sign
I know this is great! But we don't really have anything to go off of now, no food, home...
Compromise of 1850, this was an attempt to balance pro-slavery and anti-slavery issues. California is admitted as a free state. Washington D.C. was still permitting slavery. And the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 required citizens to assist in apprehending runaway slaves and denied enslaved people a right to trial by jury.
Election of 1860, divided nation over issue of slavery. Lincoln was elected without a single southern electoral vote led to secession. The slaves were happy that he won because it confirmed deep-seated views on slavery and states’ rights between the North and South. Lincoln was going to help free the slaves so they were happy when he won. The northerners opposed slavery and wanted to stop it while the South was going for the opposite.
They are finally treating us with respect
We now have three new rules that give us freedom
Emancipation Proclamation, it freed slaves in rebelling states. Its symbolic power was huge, it announced freedom for enslaved people as one of the North’s war aims. Black Americans were also permitted to serve in the Union Army for the first time. he Emancipation Proclamation paved the way for the permanent abolition of slavery in the United States
That is unfair, this is disrespectful
Go to the back of the bus!!
54th Massachusetts Regiment, all black army regiments were led by white officers. The 54th was one of the first all black units. Colonel Robert Gould Shaw became leader of the 54th Massachusetts in March 1863. Recruited men throughout Boston. Overwhelming positive response. Mainly educated, free black men. They were able to serve in the war which was good for them.
The 13th amendment abolished slavery which was a positive factor for them. The 14th amendment said they cannot deny citizenship to natural born people, which was another good thing for them. And the 15th amendment granted the right to vote all male citizens. Although the 15th amendment wasn't exactly accepted at the time and didn't help them until later on.
Jim Crow Laws, legislation passed in southern states after Reconstruction ended to keep blacks and whites segregated. White people were still racist to Black people and treated them with no respect because they still viewed them as if they were not human and didn't deserve the same rights. This went on during the 19th century.