Social, Political, Economy and Geography of Jamestown Liz Breaux 3rd period
The colonist entered a Starving Time, which consisted of disease, mostly Powhatan Indian Attacks and drought. Unfortunately, the main reason for this is because most of the settlers were gentlemen (rich men) who were not willing to work. Pocahontas also married John Rolfe, after being captured.
I'm too rich for all this work!
Tobacco quickly became a cash crop after being discovered. This helped Jamestown's economy and slaves began to transfer over to the colony. Indentured servants also came to Jamestown to work off their debts. Plantations were everywhere!
We are rich!
The colonists decided to make their own representative government because King James I was too far to make decisions. The House Of Burgesses was their government building and John Smith became the leader.
House Of Burgesses
"If you don't work, you shall not eat."
The colonists from England followed the up the James River, where they founded Jamestown in Virginia. Although it suffers from drought and swampy surroundings, it has fertile soil.
In 1607, 105 men and boys sailed up the James River and ended up in a swamp- like area, which was called Jamestown. Just by looking at it, this settlement was set up for failure. There was disease carrying mosquitos, drought, Native American problems, starvation and the drinking water was brackish. The settlers even ended up eating their dogs, cats, mice, shoes and more. After one year, about half of the colonists died. By this point, Jamestown was not in good shape and was close to dying out. Surprisingly, the one thing that saved them was their fertile soil. After five years of living in Jamestown, they discovered tobacco, which they ended up selling to England and boosting their economy. This was surprising since Jamestown was in such poor shape.
Why was it surprising that Jamestown was a success?