A group of rebels form the Society of Harmonious Fists. They are not happy with the amount of foreigners running through China. Known as the Boxers, they try to kick out the foreigners. Foreign missions are burned and Chinese Christians are killed.
Sun Yat-sen wants to unify China with a democratic, representative government. He has tried to organize a secret revolutionary group years before, but with no success. In 1911 the government is overthrown and Sun is elected provisional president of the new republic of China.
Sun Yat-sen steps down and allows Yuan Shikai, a former general, to be president. After much negotiation, the last emperor, Puyi, is made to abdicate in 1912. He is six years old. Lasting less than 300 years, the Qing dynasty had made vast improvements to the economy of China, but failed to bring about needed changes to help the country enter into the modern world.