Rome is located in Italy, which includes a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The Italian peninsula is shaped a lot like a boot and reaches into the Mediterranean Sea with its toe pointed toward the island of Sicily.
the Etruscan influence of sports on the Romans
Long ago, a princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus. The boys' father was Mars, the Roman god of war. The princess's uncle,the king,was afraid the boys would grow up to take his throne, so he ordered his men to drown them in the Tiber River. However, before the twins drowned, a wolf rescued them.When Romulus and Remus grew up, they decided to construct a town on the banks of the Tiber River where the wolf had found them. However, in a fight over who would rule, Romulus killed his brother. He became king of the city he named Rome.
the Greek influence of architecture on the Roman civilization
Two important Etruscan structures the Romans adapted were the arch and the cuniculus. Etruscan arches rested on two pillars, which supported a half-circle of wedge-shaped stones. A keystone in the center held the other stones of the arch tightly in place, A cuniculus was a long underground trench connected by vertical shafts to the ground above. Etruscans used these trenches to irrigate land, to drain swamps, and to distribute water to cities
the Greek influence of writing, art, and religion on the Romans
Romans also adapted two bloody Etruscan sporting events. The first was slave fighting. The Etruscan custom was to stage slave fights during funerals. Two slaves of the dead master fought to the death with swords and small shields. After being congratulated, the winner was executed.Etruscan spectators also enjoyed watching chariot races. The charioteers, or drivers, were strapped to their chariots. These Etruscan sports gained popularity in Rome. In Roman stadiums, thousands of slaves died fighting as gladiators
Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans. The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. Temples like the Parthenon had stately columns that added to their beauty.The Romans used Greek designs in their own public buildings. Eventually, they learned to use concrete to create even larger structures
, the Greek alphabet was adopted and then changed by the Etruscans. The Romans then borrowed and altered the Etruscan alphabet. The Romans acquired some Greek ideas from Etruscan art and borrowed others directly from the Greeks. Greek pottery was valued throughout the Mediterranean world for its usefulness and beauty. it was Greek religion that especially influenced Roman ideas about the gods. The Greeks worshipped a number of gods and goddesses who governed every part of Greek life. The Greeks performed rituals and sacrifices to gain the gods' favor for everything from a good harvest to curing the sick.