People burn fossil fuels like oil and coal to run cars and heat homes. These fuels are most likely to release certain gases into the air that harm the earth by making it warmer due to the gases trapping heat on the earth. This concept is known as global warming.
Clouds affect climate change by blocking some of the heat given from the sun while it is day time. Throughout the night, clouds keep heat from getting into space. Places that are at higher elevation are usually cooler than closer places at lower elevations.
Land near an ocean mostly always has a milder climate than an inland area. The ocean warms the land in the winter and cools it in the summer. This occurs because water cools and heats more slowly than land. Also, sea animals are at risk due to the lack of people recycling and people fishing more in the ocean.
The sun hits the earth unevenly which is an effect of climate change. Areas close to the equator get lots of powerful sunlight all year round. This gives them a hot climate throughout the year. Places far from the equator don´t get this much powerful sunlight so they are cooler.
Wind is also another factor that affects climate change by carrying warm or cool air to places. Winds also bring different amounts of moisture to places.
These causes are all involved in climate change but there are many environmental ways to help climate change too. In order to stop the harmful acts of climate change, we need to use public transportation or walk to where ever we need to go more often, enforce fishing laws in the ocean, recycle, eat less meat, eat healthier foods, use energy more wisely, and many more ways to help prevent climate change.