Bus boycott in Baton Rouge, Louisiana - lead to compromise making busses slightly more integrated. The peaceful, organized, protest was effective and inspired Martin Luther King Jr.
December 1, 1955
"All I was doing was trying to get home from work."
Claudette Colvin, a pregnant fifteen-year-old-girl from Montgomery, is arrested for refusing to give a white passenger her seat and is charged with disorderly conduct and violating segregation laws. -- Since she was a pregnant teen and unwed, her case was not pursued by the NAACP or other black leaders.
December 5, 1955
We should continue the boycott “..to gain justice on the buses in the city.” - Martin Luther King Jr.
Eighteen-year-old Mary Louise Smith is arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery. After her arrest she was fined $9 for failing to obey an officer. This act ignited a spark in the American Civil Rights movement, leading to boycotts of the busses
February 21/March 19, 1956
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man. She was arrested for violating the law. Her actions and arrest launched the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
First day of the boycott. King decides to continue the boycott until bus policies are changed. The buses would need to be integrated.
80+ leaders of the boycott are indicted as a result of Alabama’s anti-conspiracy laws. King is indicted as the boycott’s leader on March 19. He is ordered to pay $500 or serve 386 days in jail.