The child of a rich king, Siddhartha Gautama was born between 6th and 4th century B.C. He was born in Nepal. He had many servants and jewelers. His father wanted him to grow up in his footsteps. He kept him locked up in a cell for 29 years, so he couldn't become a holy man. However, he was allowed short excursions.
On one of his short excursions, he encountered a sick man, an aging man, and a dying man. This really touched him. Horrified and fascinated, he took another trip outside the palace walls.
On his other short excursion he met a holy man. He felt a strong passion for this man. He decided to leave the palace to become a holy man.
On his journey, he started to remember back to when he was a young child. He remembered the bugs who died when the grass (their home) was cut. This gave him a sense of enlightenment. He wanted to be more like the holy man. He decided to avoid all comforts and pleasures to be just like them. He almost starved himself to death. However, he didn't feel the connection.
After a while he eventually ate and drank water. He started to meditate and finally reached the highest level of enlightenment. It was called nirvana. He had become the Buddha, and started a religion called Buddhism. He also came up with the 4 noble truths and the eightfold path. He started to teach dharma, which the Buddha believed is the right way of living.
4 noble truths
Hinduism and Buddhism were similar religions. They both believe in Karma and Dharma. They also believe that when you die you are reincarnated as something else. Buddhism also started in India, like Hinduism. Then they each spread to Asia. Buddhism teaches people about Dharma which is known as the way of living. The Buddha recognized that all of creation is unified by suffering.