Japan Opening Trade was in 1853, the U.S. sent a steam-powered fleet, led by Commodore Matthew Perry, too Japan to force open trade with outside nations. Show of force convinced the Japanese to work towards industrialization. Japan rapidly modernized, eventually leading to the Russo-Japanese war.
Problems with the panama canal are that they tried to negotiate with Columbia. Offered to pay $10 million up front, and $250,000 as an annual rent. No deal; Colombians held out for more money.
The Annexation of Hawaii starts with Queen Liliuokalani takes throne-Hawaii for Hawaiians. U.S. spread of Christianity, trade/resources. Queen is removed by force from power. The cause: U.S. businessman are trying to control trade and resources in Hawaii. Queen Liliuokalani is trying to make Hawaii for Hawaiians.
Causes of Imperialism: Natural Resources-wealth, world power, spread of religion and culture, nationalism, and expansion of territory.
In China, spheres of influence had divides the country into areas controlled by European Nations. The U.S. was not included in the division. The Open Door Policy: U.S. plan providing each nation with equal opportunity to trade within China.
The Spanish-American War: Cubans were given their Independence. U.S. gained Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. U.S. emerged from the Spanish-American War as a leading War power.