After losing World War II, Germany was split into two parts. One being West Germany, this side was supported by the United States and it's NATO companions. The other being East Germany, this side was under Soviet Rule and was in a communist state. The capital of East Germany, Berlin, was also split into two parts,
In 1971, Erich Honecker became the leader of the Communist Party in East Germany. Due to unpopularity because of his harsh rule, many East Germans fled the country. Mass demonstrations occurred in the fall of 1989. On November 9, East Germany opened up its borders to West Germany, giving in to the protests. The Berlin Wall was torn down.
In March 1990, East Germany held its first free election. Christian Democrats won approximately 50% of the vote. These democrats supported union with West Germany. The reunification of Germany took place on October 3, 1990. East and West Germany united to create one singular Germany.