Before the Revolution, Russia was ruled by the Tsar. The Tsar controlled the army, lands, and churches. Peasants(workers) were forced to work. They were paid little, often without food. They were angry.
We don't need you!
Nicholas II was forced to give up his throne.
[Bloody Sunday]On January 22, 1905, a large number of workers marched to the Tsar's palace to present a petition for better working conditions. After the shooting, the Tsar was perceived as an enemy of the working class and the desire for revolution began to spread.
We are now communist!
[World War I]In 1914, World War I began and Russia was at war with Germany. The soldiers, including peasants and workers were not equipped or trained to fight. Many of them were sent into battle without shoes, food, and even weapons. The Russian people blamed the Tsar for entering the war and getting so many of people killed.
Anti-Bolsheviks (the White Army)
Bolsheviks (the Red Army)
[The February Revolution][The February Revolution]In early 1917, a number of workers decided to strike. They began to riot. Nicholas II ordered the army to suppress the riot, but the army turned against the Tsar. The Tsar was forced to give up his throne. The government was run by two political parties: the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional Government.
You are a BAD ruler!!!!
[Bolshevik Revolution]One of the main factions of the Petrograd Soviet was a group called the Bolsheviks. Their leader was Vladimir Lenin and he believed that the new Russian government should become a communist. In October of 1917, Lenin took control of the government and Russia became communist.
After the Revolution, Russia signed a peace treaty with Germany called the Treaty of-Brest Litovsk. The new government took control of all industry and moved seized farmland. Women were given rights and religion was banned. From 1918 to 1920, Bolsheviks (the Red Army) and the anti-Bolsheviks (the White Army) had a war. The Bolsheviks won and the new country was called the USSR (United Soviet Socialist Republic).