The Virginia plan vs the new jersey plan Viana Ha

The Virginia plan vs the new jersey plan Viana Ha

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  • Hey, I would like to discuss how and why the articles of confederation were weak. 
  • The articles of confederation were weak due to the fact that each colony had one vote, but could easily be resolved. 
  • I agree on the fact that the articles of confederation are weak and it should be rewritten. 
  • I almost forgot to introduce myself, I'm James Madison and I'm here to propose the Virginia plan. The Virginia plan proposes that the legislature should be bicameral, meaning two houses.
  • I am William Paterson and I'm here to represent the New Jersey plan.  I am proposing a plan for the legislature to be unicameral and that representation is equal in the congress
  • This can easily be resolved. The legislature has come up with something called the great compromise to meet the needs of both of you.
  • The Great compromise is a bicameral legislature that has equal representation in the upper house. 
  • The Great compromise is also allowing representation in the lower houses to be determined by populations.
  • As a part of the new compromise, slaves should be counted into the population to determine representation in the congress. 
  • And once again, there is a simple solution. It is known as the 3/5's compromise. This compromise allows 3/5's slaves to be counted to determine representation and 3/5's to determine taxation.
  • I actually oppose of that idea. In my opinion, slaves should be counted to determine taxation
  • The only problem is that now that we have all of these agreements, the congress is going to regulate over everything and I'm not loving the fact they are able to regulate our trades.
  • Exactly, and that compromise is the commerce compromise. The compromise allows the congress to regulate trade but couldn't add export taxes. There was also no limit on slave trade for 20 years.
  • Really? I think it's perfectly fine and that it'll help things stay in control. But that's why we can always come up with a compromise.
  • I am making a new list of amendments called the bill of rights that consists specific prohibitions on governmental power. I made it to make calls for greater constitutional protection.
  • This compromise ends in 20 years, so i guess we'll see each other in 20 years again. 
  • Then all we need to do is ratify it, meaning that the federalists has a promise of addition to the Bill of rights.
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