The Issues that Forever Changed America Sydnie Fossen Period 3
The Articles of Confederation have been taken too far.
We shall call a convention!
We must bring together the states and fix the wrongs of America.
I will listen to your ideas with an open mind and take everything under consideration.
As president, I will guide all through the rough patches of the Untied States.
What happens here, stays here. This shall all remain a secret.
I, Edmund Randolph present you the Virginia Plan. We have three branches of government and two houses of Congress.
I, William Paterson present you with the New Jersey Plan. We also have three branches of government, but only one house of Congress.
Quarrels arose between states ultimately about boundaries and taxes on goods. Quick after, a money shortage resulted in a rebellion of farmers and their leader, Daniel Shays. In 1786, courthouses were shut down and weapons were seized. A convention was called in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation.
What if we have a two-house Congress that includes the House of Representatives and the Senate?
I like that idea, and I approve of it!
The first thing the fifty-five delegates did in Philadelphia was to elect George Washington president of the Convention. James Madison, the "Father of the Constitution" lead and influenced many other delegates during the Convention, who were often disagreeing on different ideas.
How about we count each slave as three-fifths of a person.
Sure, that sounds fair.
Delegates decided to completely throw out the Articles of Confederation. Edmund Randolph presented the Virginia Plan, that included three branches of government and Congress that included two houses--(House of Representatives and the Senate.) William Paterson presented the New Jersey plan that only had one house of Congress.
Delegates were torn between the dilemma of which plan to choose. But, finally a compromise was reached. Roger Sherman put forth the idea to have a two-house Congress; House of Representatives and the Senate. This was approved by the delegates and put into action.
With the compromise came some downfalls. The Southerns wanted as many representatives as possible, but half of their population was slaves. Delegates from the south began to believe that slaves should be counted as people. James Madison proposed a compromise stating each slave would count as three-fifths of a person.