Congress wanted to maintain balance between both beliefs, free-soil or pro-slave, they added a "line" along the 36° 30´ latitude line. This showed what state would be pro-slave or free-soil and Missouri was placed as a pro-slave state.
The Fugitive Slave Act was an effort to reduce the amount of runaway slaves and promoted citizens to assist in capturing runaways. If they did you they were greeted with a reward, but if they help a runaway or housed a runaway they would be fined with a $1000 fine and six months in jail.
Dred Scott Decision of 1857
Uncle Tom's Cabin, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, was a book that impacted people view on slavery. It demonstrated how unfair and brutal slavery was.
Lincoln - Douglas Debates of 1858
Bleeding Kansas was the period of time in Kansas while was settling and the Kansas-Nebraska act interfered with the Missouri compromise. In this time period both side fought over control since Kansas's decision was a popular sovereignty. Violence shortly aroused and many extremist like John Brown, started raid and even murders
The Supreme Court issued the right of slave owners to take their slaves in to the west. This right dismissed the belief in popular sovereignty. This lead to a case of a black man who was born free, was being put back into slavery.
Lincoln and Douglas held a three hour debate on slavery and black peoples right. The both have opposite opinion to one another, Lincoln for free soil and to not have a divided nation, and Douglas who wants slaves and thinks the nation can handle a equally dived nation.