John Jay, I'm sending you to Britan to get the British to take their troops out of the Ohio Valley.
You are here because I have kidnapped you. I need you to now serve in the British navy.
Why am I here? I don't want to be in the British navy.
President Washington Creates a Foreign Policy
This policy that I'm creating states that the United States won't do anything to aid either France or Britain in their war.
George Washington sent John Jay who was chief justice of the Supreme Court to London. In the Jay Treaty, the British finally agreed to take their troops out of the Ohio Valley. The French navy then started to attack U.S. merchant ships that were going to Britain.
The Battle of New Orleans
Great Britain began impressing American soldiers (kidnapping them and forcing them to serve in the British navy). Americans had anger over the kidnapping. Britain fired on the Chesapeake (U.S. warship) when the U.S. didn't allow a search on their boat for British deserters.
Latin America's Revolutions
We need to become independent from Spanish rule!
People of the U.S. were excited about the French Revolution. Then France declared war on Great Britain and President Washington couldn't decide on which side to take. That's when Washington decided to create a foreign policy which stated that the U.S. would do nothing to aid either France nor Great Britain in their war.
The Monroe Doctrine
I believe that European nations should respect the new Latin American states.
General Andrew Jackson and a shabby army of 7,000 militia, free African Americans, Indians and pirates met 7,500 British troops on the battle field. Jackson's troops won the battle with some 2,000 British soldiers wounded or killed, in comparison to about 20 Americans.
A revolt against Spanish rule was happening in Mexico, all inspired by a Catholic priest named Miguel Hidalgo. He spoke out to a crowd of Indians and told them that they should make an effort to recover from the Spanish rule. Finally, in 1825, the last of the Spanish were driven out of South America.
James Monroe gave a speech to Congress that released a policy called the Monroe Doctrine. In that speech, he informed European nations to respect the new Latin American states. The doctrine established that the U.S. will stand up for its own freedom and the freedom of its neighbors.