This was a series of battles called the Punic wars which the romans fought against carthage. The first war began in 264 BC.
we want peace
In the first Punic war, Rome sent troops to Sicily, which was claimed by Carthage. The war ended more than 20 years later and Carthage then decided to turn Sicily over to the Romans.
A man named Hannibal who was a brilliant general for Carthage wanted to start the second Punic war in the spring of 218 BC. He had left Spain with his 40,000 soldiers and 40 war Elephants. He wanted to invade northern Italy where he hoped to find any allies that would help him conquer Rome.
Hannibal began his journey with his army winning battle after battle and losing more elephants and soldiers. Carthage and his army surrounded the Romans killing more than 45,000 men. At this time Romans were building a navy. Then in 204 BC, a roman general named Scipio sailed to Carthage with a large army in help. Hannibal then returned home and his forces suffered a disastrous defeat. A year later Carthage asked for peace, which Rome agreed.
The third Punic War erupted in 149 BC. Roman leaders vowed to end the power of Carthage forever. The Roman troops burned the city to the ground and they sold their people into slavery. Legends even stated that the Romans plowed salt into the ground where Carthage had stood so nothing could grow there ever again.
The destruction of the city gave The Roman Republic control of the Western Mediterranean. Then they sent its armies eastward toward Greece and southwest Asia. By about 133 BC, the Romans ruled much of the Mediterranean region. The growth led to great wealth and power to the city of Rome, but not all benefited. Some sank into poverty and slavery which created serious problems.