It is named after its inventors, German chemists Haber and Bosch, who developed it in the first decade of the 20th century.
In 1905, Haber achieved the long sought task by chemists of fixing airborne nitrogen which is relatively inert and does not react easily. He was able to react nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas to produce ammonia using high pressure and a catalyst.
Bosch soon scaled up his process and became known as the process of Haber-Bosch.
w/o Haber Process
The production of fertilizer that can be used to substitute the nutrients that the crop extracts from the soil is one of the uses of the this process.
It also provides the Germans with a large supply of ammonia to manufacture explosives during World War I. It was also used in the German poison gas program.
Haber Process has indeed many advantages. However there are also disadvantages following the production of ammonia
-eutrophication-blue baby syndrome-soil acidity
-crop growth-crop yield-better soil quality
Haber Process plays an important role in society.It is one of the most important invention of the 20th century. It is responsible for feeding half the world population.