TAXED BY BRITISH: MOLASSES INDIGO SUGAR WINE Customs Duty Tax Collected At Counter
Pilgrims traveled to America to find a better life in the 1600s. Most traveled to be free of British rule or to escape persecution of some kind. What they found was lots of land and many great opportunities for prosperity and a new, improved life.
Soon, the French and the English began fighting in what is known as the French and Indian War. The war was fought by the French and Indians versus the English and colonists, and ended by the signing of the Treaty of Paris. The French lost all their colonies in America, and the British gained a lot of land.
Then, Parliament passed a tax called the Sugar Act, which taxed molasses, indigo, sugar, and wine. Parliament passed this tax to pay off war debts. The colonial leaders protested this tax because they thought it was unconstitutional and the colonies needed the molasses to make rum to trade with other colonies.
BE FREE FROM BRITIAN!
CREATE OUR OWN GOVERNMENT!
NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!
WE HAVE INHERENT AND INALIENABLE RIGHTS OF MAN!
Parliament eventually repealed the Sugar Act, but ratified a lot of other taxes, and the colonists and the British soldiers started to get more violent towards each other. This led to the Boston Massacre, in which some British soldiers fired into an unarmed mob of colonists after getting pelted with snowballs, cobblestones, and sticks by the colonists. This led to an uproar in all of the colonies and a major push for independence.
The British closed the Boston Harbor after the colonists and British soldiers started to act out against each other more and more. This only angered the colonists more, though, and instead they started to protest the wrongdoings of the British King and Parliament more and more.
The Colonial delegates all met and decided to free themselves from Britain. The common battle cry was " No Taxation Without Representation ". This was mainly based on the fact that the American colonies had no representative in Parliament, yet they were being taxed to pay for the French and Indian War.