Trouble With Native Americans and the Build Up to War
As US settlers pushed into the west, they also took land from the Native Americans. Multiple tribes attempted to band together, but it didn't work out. After a battle with them, US soldiers found out the natives were armed with British guns, angering the country.
The Battle of New Orleans
The United States attempted to invade Canada, believing it would be easy. However, British forces were able to keep them out, eventually invading Washington, D.C. US forces failed two more times in 1813 and 1814.
Results of the War
Oliver Hazard Perry was able to capture a British fleet of six ships, allowing William Henry Harrison to enter Canada. Later, the British attacked Baltimore, but failed to capture the fort. The US victory inspired the "Star Spangled Banner".
Historiography: War of 1812
7,500 British troops marched to New Orleans, which was defended by General Andrew Jackson and 7,000 American troops. It was the United States' greatest victory in the war of 1812. However, Great Britain had already surrendered before the battle.
The treaty of Ghent failed to address problems like seizing cargo or impressing sailors. Over time, these problems gradually faded away as Europe became more peaceful. It also greatly weakened Native American resistance in the frontier.
The historiography of the War of 1812 mostly focused on the maritime disputes such as impressment of sailors and trade restrictions as the primary cause of the war. The embargo on British trade was also seen as a primary cause for the war.