In Congress, July 4, 1776.The unanimousDeclaration of the thirteen united States of America,
In 1765, the British government imposed a tax on items such aslegal documents, newspapers, and cards. The colonists opposed these taxes and protested "no taxation without representation," meaning that the British government could not tax them without their consent.
Articles of Confederation
On March 5, 1770, a violent clash broke out between colonists and British soldiers. Five colonists were killed, the first of whom was an African- American man named Crispus Attucks. The Boston Massacre worsened tensions and fueled even more anti-British sentiment among the colonists.
Virginia and New Jersey Plans, and the Great Compromise
States should haverepresentation based on their population size!
On July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration ofIndependence. Written primarily by Thomas Jefferson, this foundingdocument solidified the colonists’ resolve to fight for their independence from British rule, thus starting the American Revolution.
On November 15, 1777, the Continental Congress adopted theArticles on Confederation. This first form of US government was too weak to enforce unity between the 13 colonies, leading many to consider changing or amending it.
Articles of ConfederationTo all to whom...
Larger states favored the Virginia Plan, which entailed representation in Congress based on state population, while smaller states favored the New Jersey Plan, which proposed equal representation. Roger Shermanproposed the Great Compromise, establishing a bicameral legislature in which one house has representation based on population, and the other house has equal representation.
States should have equal representation!
The ratification of the new Constitution marked the formation of the US republic, establishing a set of guidelines for how the government should operate. A Bill of Rights was also added to the Constitution.
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.