The daughter of a local African American man, Oliver Brown, was neglected the opportunity to enroll in the nearest elementary school. She was forced to attend another school due to the district's segregation policy.
Brown v. Topeka Board of Education, 1954
We refuse to enroll your daughter into our school district.
The Browns, along with twelve other black families, filed a class action lawsuit in the US federal court against the Topeka Board of Education.
We're going to fix this Cheryl.
This segregation policy is unconstitutional. We are going to file a lawsuit!
The US District Court relied on the Supreme Court's decision of Plessy v. Ferguson to render a verdict against the Browns.
I, McKinley Burnett, call for the school district to reverse its policy of racial segregation.
Racial segregation is not in itself a violation of the 14th Amendment's Equal Protection Clause.
The case was then appealed to the Supreme Court where Chief Justice, Earl Warren overruled the US District Court's decision. This helped pave the way for many Civil Rights Movements.
The district has proven to be in violation of the Equal Protection Clause, and is therefore unconstitutional.
However, in the Deep South, many people and governmental leaders resisted and embraced the plan known as "Massive Resistance."
You don't belong here!
Ew what are they doing here?
Nevertheless, four years after the Brown's case, the Court reaffirmed its ruling in the case of Cooper v. Aaron.
Under no circumstances can any state official nor legislator nullify our ruling regarding the segregation of schools.