Interest in Hawaii started in the 1820's when missionaries and traders from New England came to the island. The missionaries' main purpose of traveling to was to spread Christianity to Hawaii. This was when the travelers started to settle down and cultivate the land for crops, especially sugar cane.
I'm so sorry queen, we couldn't do anything.
After Americans started to grow sugar cane, they gained a true foothold on the island thanks to the Sugar Trade and the Sugar Industry. After the Civil War, profits started to swell and the United States government gave generous terms to Hawaii for sugar. Even thought there were all of these good things happening for the U.S., the natives were dying from the diseases that the foreigners brought with them.
At least we have a base now for our navy.
Kalakaua became the king in 1874, and already Americans had gained control over Hawaii's land and economy. Kalakaua was strongly nationalistic as he resented the Americans' influence over his government and promised to put native Hawaiians back into power. Early in his reign, King Kalakaua allied himself with landowners in his desire to strengthen the Hawaiian economy.
In January of 1893, planters from America wanted to overthrow Queen Liliuokalani by staging an uprising. Plus, they stormed the islands with the approval of president Grover Cleveland. After this the Queen had been forced to abdicate, and the matter was left for Washington politicians to settle. Cleveland saw that this was wrong and tried to give the throne back to Liliuokalani, but the Americans strongly favored annexation.
The matter remained at a standstill until the next president, William McKinley took office. He favored the idea of annexation which led to congress approving it in 1989. The main reason for this was because war with the Spanish broke out and the Americans needed naval bases in Hawaii to get to the Spanish Philippines.
America was harsh at first with forcing the king to sign the Bayonet Constitution in 1887. In the end, it all led to something peaceful between the two lands. Throughout the years, we became closer with the natives of Hawaii making the land a territory of America until it was granted statehood as the 50th state in 1959.