Charlemagne was a devout Christian and viewed his victories as proof of God’s blessings. He tried to improve the church by ordering monks and nuns. He tried to be a christian emperor and rule in a strict christian manner. The pope and charlemagne supported each other and tried to keep one another safe. The first effect was that the coronation actually strengthened the power of the western church by creating a rule that only the pope could crown an emperor. The second effect was that establishing the rule for crowning the eastern church felt insulted and the two churches divided.
Charlemagne believed God had made him an emperor to do God’s work on Earth. He truly thought that it was the pope’s duty to assist Charlemagne. However, the pope believed the church had made Charlemagne emperor and it was the duty for the emperor to assist the Church in doing God’s work on Earth. After approximately 200 years after Charlemagne’s coronation the different views of the emperor and the pope led to a dramatic clash between the two.
In 1073, a monk named Hildebrand was named Pope Gregory VII. When Gregory became the Pope he tried to change the power of the pope by letting him choose all bishops, the power to remove rulers, and to have full authority over all rulers. King Henry IV reacted by trying to remove Gregory from being pope and excommunicated Gregory from the church.
The conflict between Pope Gregory and King Henry was that Pope Gregory changed the rules so that the pope could remove rulers, choose bishops, and would have full authority over all. Henry excommunicated Pope Gregory from the Church which means to exclude him. The clergy members and the secular rulers across Europe tooks sides. The people across Europe tried to end Pope Gregory’s excommunication.
The conflict between the two ended by removing all popes from the office and removing Gregory from being the pope. In 1122 the Church and the Holy Roman Empire reached an agreement called the Concordat of Worms. This agreement gave the Church sole authority to appoint bishops. Also, it allowed the emperor to give fiefs, or grants of land, to bishops in order to win their loyalty. Even though they had this agreement the pope and ruler still continued to have conflicts.