Welcome to a tour of the city! Here, we learn about the parts that make up cells called organelles.
This organelle here is called the "nucleus." He is the leader of the cells, and makes all the other organelles work for him. That little one inside him is the nucleolus. He holds the DNA for the nucleus! These two are basically the brain of the cell
Here we have a wild mitochondria, the powerhouse of the cell. It generates energy for the rest of the cell. It happens to be swimming in cytoplasm, a gooey substance all organelles "swim" in
Now we're moving on to the edge of the cell, with some pili, which can transfer DNA from one cell to another, making adaptations easy! There is also a flagella, which can help move the cell.
while we're still on the edge of the cell, you can see the cell membrane and cell wall. The cell membrane keeps water that should be in the cell in, and water that shouldn't be in the cell out. The cell wall protects the cell from other, harmful things, and is only found in plant cells.
Here are some rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum or ER for short. Their job is to store calcium, synthesize protiens, and digest lipids.