Updated: 6/22/2020
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  • The Lucknow Pact 1916
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  • Monatgu-Chelmsford Reforms 1917
  • -It was the first step towards Hindu Muslim Unity.-The annulment of Partition in Bengal, Britishers' hypocrisy, the insufficient Morley reforms and not giving Congress self-rule led to this pact.
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  • -After this pact, Mr. Jinnah was given the title of Hindu-Muslim Unity Ambassador
  • The Rowlatt Act
  • -On Nov,1917, Lord Minto issued a report proposing a new system of 'Diarchy', the council state would have 60 member,the power of viceroy was increased etc.
  • The Amritsar Masscare
  • The reforms were rejected my Muslims and Hindus as no self-rule was given,the voting rights were decreased and the system of 'diarchy' was only at the provincial level.
  • In Dec, a committee was formed under Justice Rowlatt to investigate and stop revolutionary activities. The proposal allowed arrest without warrant, detention without bail, trial without a jury, etc. This further rose the citizen's anger towards the British.
  • The rowlatt act led to this masscare. On 18 April, 20,000 Muslims were gathered conducting a peaceful protest but Generl Dyer took this as a threat and attacked. The park only had one entrance which resulted in 400 Muslims dead and 1200 Muslims wounded.
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