-It was the first step towards Hindu Muslim Unity.-The annulment of Partition in Bengal, Britishers' hypocrisy, the insufficient Morley reforms and not giving Congress self-rule led to this pact.
-After this pact, Mr. Jinnah was given the title of Hindu-Muslim Unity Ambassador
The Rowlatt Act
-On Nov,1917, Lord Minto issued a report proposing a new system of 'Diarchy', the council state would have 60 member,the power of viceroy was increased etc.
The Amritsar Masscare
The reforms were rejected my Muslims and Hindus as no self-rule was given,the voting rights were decreased and the system of 'diarchy' was only at the provincial level.
In Dec, a committee was formed under Justice Rowlatt to investigate and stop revolutionary activities. The proposal allowed arrest without warrant, detention without bail, trial without a jury, etc. This further rose the citizen's anger towards the British.
The rowlatt act led to this masscare. On 18 April, 20,000 Muslims were gathered conducting a peaceful protest but Generl Dyer took this as a threat and attacked. The park only had one entrance which resulted in 400 Muslims dead and 1200 Muslims wounded.