Doctors use electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to treat severe depression. Sometimes, they also use it to treat other mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. ECT is one of the fastest and most effective ways to relieve symptoms in severely depressed or suicidal people or those who have mania or other mental illnesses.
Schizophrenia requires lifelong treatment, even when symptoms have subsided. Treatment with medications and psychosocial therapy can help manage the condition. In some cases, hospitalization may be needed. A psychiatrist experienced in treating schizophrenia usually guides treatment.
In the past, many with schizophrenia ended up in hospitals for long stays. Due to medication treatments today, the frequency and length of hospital stays have been greatly reduced. It may still be needed for the most severe cases. Typically, inpatient hospitalization is generally only needed for short periods of time.
The purpose of patient education/teaching (or psychoeducation) is to increase patients' knowledge and understanding of their illness and treatment. It is supposed that increased knowledge enables people with schizophrenia to cope more effectively with their illness.
Medications are the cornerstone of schizophrenia treatment, and antipsychotic medications are the most commonly prescribed drugs. They're thought to control symptoms by affecting the brain neurotransmitter dopamine.