We deserve to be free! I declare us... INDEPENDENT"
Since 1816, the Dutch had directly ruled Indonesia and all of its islands, but then the Japanese took control during World War ll and needed to gain the support of the Indonesian population.
You are under our rule!
The Japanese released Sukarno, a nationalist leader, from prison. Sukarno promised to give aid to Japenese war effort by pacifying the Indonesian population, yet secretly he wanted to use the Japenese to gain independence from the Dutch.
Four years later...
FINE! Have your independence!
To stop the Western allies from giving Indonesia back to the Dutch, Sukarno declared independence on August 17, 1945.
I declare this place the Unified Republic of Indonesia
Sukarno took advantage of the power vacuum while his forces seized weapons and abandoned outposts of the Japanese. For a while, the Dutch refused to recognize resistance to its rule and sent forces to try and recapture the capital. Following this was a number of conflicts and military clashes between the Dutch and Indonesians.
We will never give up!
The next four years consisted of the Dutch trying to recapture Indonesia, but a strong guerilla presence prevented total occupation. The Netherlands was forced to recognize Indonesian sovereignty under the Unted States of Indonesia because of United Nation tension.
Then, Sukarno dissolved the United States of Indonesia and declared a unified Republic of Indonesia in August 1950, five years after he initially proclaimed Indonesian independence.