Ponyboy is very academically smart and he really doesn't like fighting but he is still a greaser even though he really doesn't seem like one. Throughout the book, there are many times when Ponyboy shows this. An example is in the letter Johnny wrote to Ponyboy. In this letter, Johnny tells Ponyboy to stay gold/innocent because he is the only one who really cares about things in life like reading and overall enjoying life.
Socs and the greasers have many conflicts that divide them. Some major conflicts being money/wealth. Many socs have more money and wealthy families, but many greasers don't have as much money. This leads socs to think they can jump and harm the greasers. The socs and the greasers overall have stereotypical opinions of each other that make them always fight and be against each other.
Throughout the book, you really learn that Soda and Ponyboy have a better connection with each other than Darry and Pony. Sodapop is always looking out for Pony no matter what. One example is at the beginning of the book when Ponyboy was jumped and Sodapop was there by his side to calm him down, " 'Easy, Ponyboy. They ain't gonna hurt you no more' ". This shows how Soda really looks out for Ponyboy and they really have a good connection.