Monarchy is when a person marries or is born into royalty. A monarch is the head of state they are in charge until death or abdication. In the past monarchy was very strict and extreme like an absolute monarchy, but some countries that are monarchies today are less extreme and more of a constitutional monarchy.
Give us your cows, we will give you some milk.
Democracy is a system of government where citizens get to elect a representative. The elected representative rules/makes decisions for a period of time then is either voted to stay for another period of time or a new representative is voted for. It is a fair way to decide how things run, and majority wins. In order for a country to call themselves democratic they need to provide equal voting.
Dictatorship is a form of government where a small group or person have all power. No one can limit their power or vote for a change. Many years ago this was the only form of government. The rulers usually seize power by force. An example of dictatorship is North Korea because there is one man that rules of the whole country.
We have no rules!
Leave our country!
Communism is a form of government where all property is owned by the community and each person contributes and receives according to their needs. Individuals don't own land or factories.. instead the government owns these things and everyone is supposed to share their wealth.
Oligarchy is a form of government where all power is given to a dominant class or clique. Oligarchies have often been oppressive, relying on public obedience or oppression to exist. Oligarchy comes to English from Greek with its meaning a form of government run by a small number of people such as wealthy landowners, royalty or military.
Anarchy (anarchos in greek) meaning without authority, is a a system where there are no rules or government. When there is no leader, or when nobody has power over everyone. When there is no political order, and there is confusion.