I, Pope Leo III, now crown Charlemagne roman emperor!
Why, thank you Pope, I have dreamed of this day.
I crowned you emperor to do my work and achieve my goals.
These are my rules and you have to follow them!
No I refuse to!
Charlemagne was a christian ruler whose goal was to improve the Church to say thank you to God for his victories. To achieve this goal, he ordered priests, monks, and nuns, to live strictly by the Church rules. Charlemagne and the pope then worked together because of how much Charlemagne supported him. Due to this on Christmas day the pope crowned Charlemagne emperor. The two lasting effects of the coronation were strengthened power of church in western europe.
Well I hired one too!!
I hired a bishop!
Charlemagne believed that God crowned him emperor to do his work. The pope believed that the Church had made Charlemagne emperor. Around 200 years later, these different views lead to a dramatic clash between emperor and the pope.
I make the rules and I say that you should be excommunicated!!
What?! This is nonsense!
In 1073, Pope Gregory issued a list of rules declaring his supreme authority over both Church and secular leaders. King Henry was mad and ignored the rules because the pope claimed he was the one to have the power to remove emperors from the throne, not Henry. Also he felt that it was a direct attack on his own power and rights.
I am signing the agreement!
The conflict between Pope Gregory and King Henry started when Henry ignored the Popes rules and named his own bishop for the city of Milan. To react, the Pope then hired a rival bishop. They started arguing and starting lots of conflict.
To add, Henry got mad and tried to remove Gregory from the pope position. As a result of this, Henry was excommunicated. The people across Europe took sides some in hope to end Henry’s excommunication.
The conflict ended for Pope Gregory and King Henry after they died because the Church and the Holy Roman Empire made an agreement called the Concordat of Worms. This agreement was pretty successful because it ended this particular conflict though there were still many others.