In 1212, tens of thousands of peasant children from France and Germany marched in the "Children's Crusade." Few, if any, ever reached the Holy Land, some made it as far as Europe port cities only to be sold into slavery.
The "Children's Crusade"
In 1002, the Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba broke up into rival kingdoms. Christians took advantage of the Muslim's weakness and launched the Reconquista. In 1085, they captured Toledo. Muslims gave up more and more land. By 1248, only the small kingdom of Granada remained in Muslim hands.
In the late 1400s, Queen Isabella and KIng Ferdinand wanted to unite Spain as a Catholic Country. They used the Inquisition against Muslims and Jews who had converted to Christianity. They also send armies against Granada, and in 1492 the city fell and the Muslims lost their last stronghold in Spain.
Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand/ The Inquisition
You lied about converting!
The Crusades brought many economic changes to Europe. Crusaders needed a way to pay for supplies, their need increased the use of money. The crusades also changed society. Monarchs grew stronger as nobles and knights left to go fight, helping to end feudalism. They also learned about new foods and other goods. Merchants made a great profit by selling them.
The Impact of the Crusades on Christians
The Crusades created a few political changes. Muslims banded together as they all fought the common enemy. The Crusades also destroyed Muslim Land. Muslims also learned about new weapons, military ideas, and a permanent army.
The Impact of the Crusades on Muslims
They looted my shop!
And they ruined my farm!
Jews' place in society worsened after the crusades. Crusaders looted, killed, and destroyed sacred buildings and books as they crossed northern France and Germany. They were also forced to live in ghettos .