Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce tribe was a strong leader in the struggle to keep the Native American homeland.
Chief Joseph met with Federal Commissioners to discuss a false treaty in which the Nez Perce tribe supposedly gave up their land to the government. This negotiation was ignored and the natives' land was taken away.
The treaty is obviously fraudulent. Our people have never agreed to leave our land.
Despite being instructed to move the tribe onto a reservation by President Grant, Chief Joseph was pressured by his tribesmen to resist and fight back.
We need to fight back to protect our land!
After realizing that there was no way to win, Chief Joseph and his followers withdrew from fighting and fled towards Canada.
After Chief Joseph led his followers into Montana in the fall of 1877, they were ambushed by 600 soldiers and never made it to Canada.
After the surviving tribes-people were freezing with no supplies left, Chief Joseph surrendered. The land of the Nez Perce tribe had been unjustly taken over by American settlers.