The First Crusade, the Christians attacking the Muslims for the holy land.
The Christians Had Won this Fight and This was the beginning of the several other wars.
On July 4, 1187, the Muslim forces of Saladin defeated the crusader army south of the Horns of Hattin in Palestine
The Second Crusade was a crusade launched from Europe. It started in response to the fall of the County of Edessa in 1144 to the forces of Zengi.
The Muslims won this fight and the Christians decided to strike again causing the third crusade, fighting for the holy land.
Conrad of Montferrat was a north Italian nobleman, one of the major participants in the Third Crusade. He was the de facto King of Jerusalem by virtue of his marriage to Isabella I of Jerusalem from 24 November 1190, but officially elected only in 1192, days before his death.