Prior to the educational reform, public schools were underfunded because upper classes did not want to pay higher taxes to educate the poor. As a result, public schools were often taught by ill-tempered, uneducated men and the curriculum was limited.
The public education system must be changed! There should be qualified teachers, higher wages, and a diverse curriculum!
Horace Mann, a former member of the House of Representatives, was a notable advocate for an educational reform. Some of his demands included free education (funded by taxes), longer school terms, and a less restricted curriculum.
The educational reform caused many new changes to occur, including the teaching industry being dominated by women, a diversified curriculum, and improved textbooks.
Today's Objective: o Arithmetic o Writing and Penmanship o Literature o Liberal Arts
Educational Advances o Noah Webster: a Yale-educated northerner who created reading lessons, which were commonly used by children in the 1800s. o William H. McGuffey: an Ohioan teacher who wrote grade-school readers that sold millions of copies
Before the educational reform, it was frowned upon for women to attend higher education because society expected women to tend to domestic tasks. However, during the 1820s, women's higher education gained respect. More colleges accepted women.
In addition to this, state-supported universities and liberal arts colleges began emerging after the educational reform. These new colleges offered classes teaching Latin, Greek, mathematics, and philosophy.