The literature changed because of the Vernacular. Their technology is the printing press that made it easier to mass produce book and writing so everyone can see what is happening.
The arts had changed a-lot they were able to make the art look 3D because of being able to use math to make them look 3D. The amount of detail they were able to put in one painting.
The cause of the reformation was the 95 thesis and he wrought them because he was mad because the church was making people pay so they would have a afterlife. They had changed the amount of power the church had because of the 95 thesis. They caused people to think about the church if they were right or not. They would start making there own rules because the church didn't have as much power.
They found new-land without meaning to. Then they had the triangular trade that they had all the small country's trading to the mother country's that is making all the money. The columbian exchange is that they took things to the new-land and traded for new things.
It was when they developed mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature. which made it easier for people to do their theory's.
Was when people started thinking on their own. Instead of the church telling them everything. They started making their own religion.