America wanted freedom from Britian, so they fought for it in the American Revolution. However, winning the war didn't solve all problems. America still needed a republic to truely be its own country.
1787: The Constitutional Convention
The Virginia Plan
In the hopes of creating a sounder government, the Continental Congress created the Articles of Confederation.
The Two Rival Plans
Here's our plan...
The Articles of Confederation wasn't the greatest form of government. They were vague, and made the young America weak. Many problems occured under the articles. There was fighting and conflict between states, especially over the claiming of land. There was also no central currancy, making it hard to trade. Every state created it's own form of money, and some states didn't accept the other types. Finally, foriegn countries were taking advantage of America's weakness.
The Great Compromise, and Signing of Constitution
Because of the inconveniences the Articles brought, the Continental Congress decided to revise them. Thus the Constitutional Convention came into effect. The convention opened on March 25, 1787. George Washington was elected to become the president of the convention. Soon, the delegates decided to create an entirely new constitution.
Look, we need to revise the Articles of Confederation.
The New Jersey Plan
However, delegates couldn't agree on what to write in the Constitution. Two separate plans were formed: the Virginia Plan, and the New Jersey Plan. The Virginia plan included three branches of government and two houses. According to the plan, larger states would have more representatives than smaller states. The New Jersey Plan had the same three branches of government, but it only had one house. This plan stated each state could have one representative.
Here's our plan...
Finally, the Great Compromise was formed. There would be two houses, and three branches of government. Each state would be allowed two senators. Most delegates agreed with this, but of course, a few refused. Finally, the Constitution was signed.