- Science and Technology
- Astronomythe study of objects in the universe. Astronomy had many practical uses for Muslims. Zoology A number of Muslim scholars became interested in zoology, the scientific study of animals.
- what is Astronomy and zoolgoy
- Geography and Navigation
- Muslim scientists improved on calculations made by the ancient Greeks to reach a measure of Earth's circumference that was close to the correct value.
- so that what Geography and Navigat
- Muslims were able to create extremely accurate maps due to the study of geography. A scholar in Muslim Spain even produced a world atlas, with dozens of maps of lands in Europe, Africa, and Asia.
- Mathematics
- yeah like Algebra is used to solve problems involving unknown numbers. An example is the equation 7x + 4 = 25. Using algebra, we can figure out that in this equation,
- mathematics?
- try subtracting 2 from 2. Without using zero, how would you express the answer?) Zero also made it easier to write large numbers.
- For example, navigational tools were improved to locate the direction of Mecca
- City Building and Architecture
- After the Muslim Abbasid dynasty (758–1258 C.E.) rose to power in the Middle East, Caliph al-Mansur decided to move his capital from Damascus to a site that was more central to his far-flung empire.
- The astrolabe is a navigation device for computing time based on the location of the sun or the stars.
- Bookmaking and Literature
- In the 8th century, Muslims learned the art of making paper from the Chinese and soon were creating bound books of their own. Bookmaking, in turn, encouraged the growth of Muslim literature.
- Medicine
- By the 10th century, Baghdad had at least five hospitals. Many hospitals served as teaching centers for doctors in training.
- It took 100,000 architects, workers, and craftspeople four years to build the new capital. Because of its shape, people called the capital complex the “round city
- Muslim literature was enriched by Sufism, or Islamic mysticism. This type of religious practice involves intense personal experiences of God, in addition to the regular performance of rituals.