Rome is located in Italy with its huge surroundings including several islands and a peninsula in southern Europe. Known as the shape of a boot, the Italian peninsula stretches into the Mediterranean Sea.
Etruscan Influence of Sports on the Romans
A princess gave birth to two twin sons named Romulus and Remus. The father of the twins was known to be Mars, the Roman god of war. Their uncle, the king, was afraid and jealous that they would take all of his power when they were older, so he let them float away in the Tiber River. Before they drowned, a she-wolf rescued them and took care of them. Many years later, the twins build a town by the river where the she-wolf saved them long ago.
Greek Influence of Architecture on the Roman Civilization
The Romans were influenced by the Etruscans and in their techniques of engineering, such as adapting to the arch and cuninulus. Estrucan arches were two pillars that were held up by a semi-circle and a keystone that kept the arch firmly in place. A cuniculus was an underground irrigation system that was used to drain swamps, irrigate land, and give water out to the cities. Over time, the Romans adapted to the structures and even became better engineers than the Etruscans.
Greek Influence of Writing, Art, and Religion
The Romans adapted to two horrific sporting events, called slave fighting and chariot races. Slave fighting was when two slaves of a dead master fought each other to death with swords and shields. The winner would be congratulated, then executed. Chariot races were also popular at its time. Charioteers would be strapped to their chariots and if it overturned, then they would be dragged or trampled by horses.
Marble temples impacted the Romans in architecture. The temples had columns with different designs to add detail. The Romans also copied the Greeks by adding Greek designs into their own buildings. They eventually learned that concrete was better to use to create larger structures like the Pantheon. The Romans also used concrete to build stadiums, such as the Colosseum, where gladiators fought.
Greek writing was embraced by the Romans in the alphabet they had by using all capital letters. Greek art was modified by the Romans including pottery, painting, sculptures, and detailed portraits that they later created. Finally, the Romans were influenced in many ways by their religion. They worshipped the same gods and goddesses and the Greeks, except they changed their names. For example, the goddess Athena of war and wisdom developed to Minerva.