On August 25, 1990, Tajikistan declared itself to be a separate state. It was able to do this because the USSR's power was deteriorating. On September 9, 1991, it declared its independence from the USSR. Although it is commonly known as Tajikistan, its official name is Jumhurii Tojikiston.
When it was part of the USSR, Tajikistan's people had poor education and little access to good healthcare. Tajikistan's was one of the lowest standards of living in the entire USSR.
Tajikistan was severely polluted under the USSR, mainly by the overuse of fertilizers and agricultural chemicals. This pollution has contaminated cotton seed oil; which is often used in cooking; and has been a cause of birth defects. In 1990, forty out of every thousand babies born in Tajikistan died.
Because it produced only certain products for the USSR; such as aluminum, chemicals, and cotton (which is still its main crop); Tajikistan is not set up well to produce other things needed by the country, such as food. The result of this is that it has difficulties producing enough food for the people.
As well as having difficulties producing food, Tajikistan does not have a strong military. Therefore, it cannot support itself and must rely on the support of Russia and other countries.