Geography and Settlement of Rome

Geography and Settlement of Rome

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  • Geography and Location of Rome
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • Influence of Etruscan Engineering
  • The Roman civilization began in 700 B.C.E. and lasted until 476 B.C.E. Rome is located in Italy, including parts on a peninsula and some parts on islands in Southern Europe.
  • Influence of Etruscan Sports
  • The Romans have a story that they think is true about how their city was founded. There were two twins named Romulus and Remus. The King was afraid that the boys would grow up and take his throne, so he ordered his men to drown them. But a wolf rescued them, so they made a city where they were rescued.
  • Influence of Greek Architecture
  • The Romans learned a lot about engineering and became excellent builders because of the Greeks. The Greeks had arches that were on two pillars, which the Romans took from the Greeks. They also used a cuniculus, which the Greeks had, and it was a long underground trench connected by vertical shafts to the ground above.
  • Influence of Greek Art, Religion, and Writing
  • The Romans also had two violent sports that the Greeks had. A spectator favorite was chariot racing. There was also slave fighting, where two slaves of a dead master would fight each other to dead, one died, while the winner was executed.
  • The Romans borrowed ideas from the Greeks and the Greeks borrowed ideas from the Romans. For example, the Romans would used Greek designs in their own buildings. The Romans started using concrete, unlike the Greeks, and built the Colosseum, a huge stadium where gladiators fought.
  • The Greek and Roman alphabet was very alike, for example, they wrote in all capital letters. The Greeks and Romans also both liked pottery, painting, and sculpture.  The Romans also had gods and goddesses, like the Greeks, but their ideas of the gods and goddesses changed when they learned about different cultures religions.
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