I have chosen you, Abraham, to be the leader of the Hebrew people. Your people shall obey me and in return, I will give you protection and guidance. I will also give you the Promised Land.
We have to cross the Red Sea.
In honour of my father, King David, I have built the Temple.
God makes a covenant with a man named Abraham who has a wife named Sarah. God promises to protect the Hebrews and also promises to give them the Promised Land. Abraham and Sarah face many difficulties but God always makes sure that things turn out alright however, as new generations are born, their relationship with God grows distant. Their lineage grows through their son named Isaac and through Isaac's son named Jacob. One of Jacob's son, Joseph moves to Egypt and is later joined by his family.
God talks to Moses through a burning bush and God tells him that he has been chosen to lead the Hebrews out of slavery in an event called the Exodus and to bring them to the Promised Land. Moses spends 40 years walking in the desert after convincing the Pharaoh of Egypt to free the people through the 10 plagues. Moses parts the Red Sea in order to get to the other side and God gives him the 10 Commandments at Mount Sinai. Moses dies before the Hebrews arrive in Canaan but Joshua takes over and brings them to Canaan where they face many challenges.
The Kingdom of Israel was formed and Saul became king. After Saul, came the greatly beloved king in Jewish history. King David established Jerusalem as the major city and also had the idea of building a Temple for the Hebrews. However, David died before he could build the Temple so instead, his son Solomon fulfilled his fathers dream of building the Temple. The land was eventually divided into two parts (Samaria and Judah) due to people wanting relief from the taxes that Solomon had placed but his son Rehoboam refused and instead alienated them from the Kingdom.
We shall obey the teachings of the Torah and apply it to our daily lives.
The two Kingdoms (Samaria and Judah) were taken over by a group of people called the Assyrians. The Hebrews were forced to move and lost contact with those who remained in Israel and Judah after their lands were destroyed. Then, the Chaldeans conquered Judah and became the new rulers. The Chaldeans crushed Jerusalem, destroyed the temple, captured the king and took thousands of Jews to Babylon and this event is known as the Babylonian Exile. The Hebrews experienced many challenges during this time.
LEAVE AND GO TO BABYLON!
The Roman Empire defeated the Greeks in a navy battle and became the new rulers of Palestine. The Romans demanded enormous amounts of money causing the Greeks to tax the Jews which made the peace between them nonexistent. The Jews were desperate for freedom and rebelled against the Greeks in the Maccabean War. The rebellion was led by a priest named Judas Maccabeus and they were successful in their battle. The Jews destroyed all traces of the Greek ruling in their temple and rededicated it to worshiping God. Hannukah is a Jewish Holiday that came about from this battle.
The Jews lived a very distinct daily life and they struggled to be free. The Jews lived a life focused on religion. Rabbis became very valuable in their communities. The religious leaders were divided into groups which were the Pharisees, Sadducees and the Essenes. These leaders taught about religion in various of ways. The Hebrew communities were male dominated, females stayed at home and took care of the house and the children, ate food they grew and worked labour or trades job which payed money. Eventually, in 1948, Palestine was divided and Israel became a country.