symbolism.The yellow symbolizes the injustice of women being weak. the color yellos in sometimes associated with sickness. The pattern in the wallpaper represents the barriers that she was going through. " I sometimes fancy that in my condition if I had less opposition and more society and stimulus—but John says the very worst thing I can do is think about my condition, and I confess it always makes me feel bad. So I will let it alone and talk about the house."
ThemeThe main themes are the oppressive nature of gender roles, appearance versus reality, and the need for self-expression.“I'm sure I never used to be so sensitive. I think it is due to this nervous condition.”
Characterizationthe narrator serves a similar function, as a disembodied voice speaking for a collective. More pertinent to the story's feminist undertones, though, is the idea that the narrator is defined only in relation to her husband. She lacks a concrete identity of her own, maybe that is why she is not given a name in this story.