There was an attack on Beauport Shore in which the French were victorious. There were two other attacks, the Beauport Feint and The Anse-au-Foulon.
The British attacked the French on the Plains of Abraham. The French were unorganized and tired and the British were organized. The British ended up winning and getting Quebec.
The French were defeated because the soldiers were tired and out of breath. The French shots were not effective. Wolfe and Montcalm were both killed in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. The Marquis de Vaudreuil, the French governor, surrendered to General Jeffery Amherst, the new British commander, and Quebec came under British control.