Mistreatment of prisoners based on race, identity, or gender remains far too common. Prisoners are degraded and have to go through conditions such as violence, sexual abuse, discrimination, overcrowding, and other threats to their safety. In fact, many local jails are dirty, unsafe, vermin-infested, and lack areas in which inmates can exercise or get fresh air. Some jail authorities place inmates in restraining devices for long periods far in excess of legitimate safety considerations. These aren't the conditions inmates should be suffering for their crimes, these are considered to be a violation of human rights.
A multi-country study found that the most common complaint across female inmate prisons was lack of space and hygiene. Only about half the prisons provided free hot water, and a few provided cleaning products for free based on international standards. Some women described the trauma of trying to keep themselves clean and maintain basic human dignity during menstruation. The study also found that many new mothers must return to prison within one day—or sometimes mere hours—after giving birth. The lack of proper medical care proves detrimental to amother's health.