To keep an equal amount of slave and free states the Missouri Compromise was formed in 1850 with the 36 30 line, saying all states north of the line were to be free and all states south of it would be slave states (not making southerners happy). Allowing Missouri to come in as a slave states and Maryland as a free state. Soon after in 1854 the Law was repealed and in 1857 is was declared unconstitutional
Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854/ Bleeding Kansas
There's no way Kansas will be a slave state
We beg to differ... The south will always win
The Fugitive Slave Act was one of the lowest times for our country, allowing officers to capture all African Americans. Freed slaves used the Underground to get north, but this was not always the best way since it was highly likely that you were to be caught by officers, even if you were free. The more African American caught meant a higher pay for the officers. Though it was soon repealed close to the start of the Civil War in 1864
Dred Scott Decision of 1857
Freedom Suits "Once Free Always Free" we are slaves who were held in free territory (Wisconsin Territory) and want our freedom back even though we are now in Missouri
Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote the book, Uncle Tom's Cabin, being one of the best books of its time. The novel sold almost 300,000 books in a three month span( that is a lot for its time), it stirred lots of controversy though between the north and south. Stowe was an abolitionist that wanted to end slavery, many people thought she was being too harsh in her book, although it was the sad truth.
Lincoln- Douglas Debates of 1858
A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe that this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free.... It will become all one thing or all the other.
The Kansas- Nebraska Act was passed by Congress in 1854 allowing popular sovereignty in the states of Kansas and Nebraska. It made many northerners upset since they were in favor of the Missouri Compromise which was repealed as this new act took its place. People from both north and south came to Kansas to vote for or against slavery resulting to bleeding Kansas, a time of "fighting" to choose if the state's future.
Free state all the way
No, Slave state all the way
Dred Scott and his family were enslaved by an army doctor. The Scotts needed to go to the Wisconsin Territory (free territory) with their owners, then came back to Missouri. Which is when they filed for the case above because if you were a slave who went to a free territory as a slave, and back to a slave state you may be able to get free. The case took 11 years which is when the supreme court decided against Soctt's ideas, though still granted him as a free man.
The case that was filed
This debate was taken place in 1850 by Abraham Lincoln and Stephan Douglas, two people against one other and their ideas. Lincoln fighting as a Republican and Douglas as a Democrat went on a debater over 7 joint discussions for almost three hours. In the end Lincoln lost, but only because what he was fighting for had been too ahead for its time, nevertheless he became president soon after.