The Dawes Act gave Native Americans land in the west, but it was terrible land. The land did not compare to the land the Whites had before. It was in terrible conditions. The reservations were dry and did not have good resources.
Native American children went to boarding schools to learn how to "live like whites." They were taught how to act. Girls were taught how to clean around the house, sew, weave baskets, and read. Boys were taught how to use American weapons, chop wood, and carpentry.
Reservation Reservations were areas of land managed by Native American tribes. There are around 310 reservations in the US. Some reservations were broken because of things like the Dawes Act. (Dawes act explained in rap)
Assimilation is adjusting to a nation or a state. In this case, assimilation was shown by the Native Americans adjusting in the US with the whites. They didn't adjust very well. The whites were not used to them. The Native Americans did adapt well into the land, though. They have found buffalo, and houses, and a way to live.
Native Americans were viewed as threats and savages. They were forced to assimilate because they were seen as bad people, also because they wanted to make the Native Americans like them.
The white people didn't want change. They wanted everyone to be the same. They felt as if they were doing good assimilating the NAtive Americans. They were just afraid of new and different things.