In this scene, the sniper rolls over the man he just shot and realized it was his brother. This shows the theme, Life of war can be traumatic for soldiers. After he shot the enemy he felt guilty and remorseful he is most likely more sad when he realized it was his brother.
In this scene, the women brings the boy into her home and treat him as her own. This shows the theme, people sometimes need support to get there life on track. Mrs Jones kind to bring Rodger into her home instead of sending him to jail gave him a second chance.