Chaney et al

Chaney et al
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  • OPERANT CONDITIONING
  • The aim of Chaney et al Funhaler study was to test whether through positive reinforcement, children's compliance would improve compared to the other inhalers. 
  • Chaney used a field experiment in a home setting, the IV was the inhaler (funhaler) and the DV was the compliance of the children, which was measured by the parents through self report. 
  • FINDINGS
  • Chaney's study included 32 kids ranging in ages 5-6, the childrens parents were called a week a week before the study, were then visited where they gave informed consent and completed a questionnaire on the childs current inhaler.  
  • The study was done over two weeks, the funhaler was a self reinforcement object to encourage the children to use their inhaler as it was fun. Matched questionnaires were done by the parents after two weeks as well as a random check on the phone  asking about the use of the funhaler. 
  • The funhaler resulted in improved parent AND child compliance38% more parents had medicated children the previous day when phoned randomly 60% more kids took the recommended amount within the 2 weeks With the normal spacer (inhaler), only 3/30 parents reported always using it, vs. 22/30 with the funhaler
  • Research method- field experiment, so controlled = less extraneous variables, and self report from parents could've been biased due to social pressure to lie about their use of the funhaler Validity- high ecological validity, the kids already had inhaler experience so there could've been possible order effects
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